性别身份术语 Terms of Gender Identity
Why do we even need distinctive terms to discuss intersecting identities with nebulous boundaries? The answer to this question is another question: How can we hope to communicate about sexuality and gender without a common vocabulary? There is such a vocabulary, but, like humanity, it is necessarily fluid. But here are terms and definitions that many people agree on:
A term for a person sexually attracted to people of both the same sex and the opposite sex.
A term for a woman sexually attracted to other women; some people consider it offensive, although many lesbians have reclaimed the word and self-identify as dykes.
A term for a man sexually attracted to other men; some people may consider it offensive, although many gays have reclaimed the word and self-identify as fags.
An inclusive initialism for those self-identifying as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transsexual. A more inclusive — and as yet uncommon — variant is GLBTQ2IA; the additional elements refer to "queer, questioning, intersex allies."
An inclusive term for those attracted to people of the same sex or not exclusively attracted to people of the opposite sex, although it is often used in the phrase "gays and lesbians," which places men and women in separate categories, and can thus refer either to both genders or men only.
该包容性术语指的是被同性吸引或不只是被异性吸引的人，但是该术语经常用于把男性和女性放在不同类别中的短语“gays and lesbians”（男同性恋和女同性恋）中，因此可以指代男女双性或仅指代男性。
A term for those who refuse to be confined to a single gender role.
A term for a woman sexually attracted to other women.
An inclusive term for those attracted to people of the same sex or not exclusively attracted to people of the opposite sex; some people may consider it offensive, although many who that fall under that definition have reclaimed the word and self-identify as queers.
A self-evident term used by those dissatisfied by traditional terminology.
A term for a person who presents as having a gender other than their original one. This usage is not to be confused with transsexual, which refers to someone in or beyond the process of gender reassignment involving physiological changes, or transvestite, a word for someone who — whether occasionally or frequently, whether publicly or privately, and for any one of various reasons — wears clothing associated with the opposite gender. (Transgender inclusively encompasses these and other terms.)
In general usage, it is usually safe to refer to "gays and lesbians" to refer to the entirety of people whose sexuality is not strictly heterosexual. GLBT is a more inclusive term, though it is often used fallaciously in the phrase "the GLBT community," as if such a cohesive entity exists.
一般使用中，通常用“gays and lesbians”（男同性恋和女同性恋）指代性取向不是严格异性恋的人群实体。GLBT是一个更包容性的术语，虽然它经常谬误地用在短语“the GLBT community”（ GLBT团体）中，仿佛存在这样一个有凝聚力的实体。
The connotation of this phrase seems to be that there is such a community, but only in the sense of people united in solidarity for civil rights for anyone falling under the GLBT umbrella. However, the phrase would seem to exclude heterosexual people sympathetic to the civil rights concerns of GLBT people. It’s perhaps best to restrict use of the initialism to usage such as "GLBT issues."